'Trash,' Censorship, and National Identity in Early Twentieth-Century Germany
Cambridge University Press, 2016
Lawmakers in Weimar Germany adopted two national censorship laws that regulated movies and pulp fiction. Supporters praised them as a form of social welfare. Critics warned of impending political censorship. This cultural and legal history uncovers these laws' origins and details their impact on the republic and German national identity.
Convinced that sexual immorality and unstable gender norms were endangering national recovery after World War One, German lawmakers drafted a constitution in 1919 legalizing the censorship of movies and pulp fiction, and prioritizing social rights over individual rights. These provisions enabled legislations to adopt two national censorship laws intended to regulate the movie industry and retail trade in pulp fiction. Both laws had their ideological origins in grass-roots anti-'trash' campaigns inspired by early encounters with commercial mass culture and Germany's federalist structure. Before the war, activists characterized censorship as a form of youth protection. Afterwards, they described it as a form of social welfare. Local activists and authorities enforcing the decisions of federal censors made censorship familiar and respectable even as these laws became a lightning rod for criticism of the young republic. Nazi leaders subsequently refashioned anti-'trash' rhetoric to justify the stringent censorship regime they imposed on Germany.
Toppling the Melting Pot: Immigration and Multiculturalism in American Pragmatism
Indiana University Press; Reprint edition, 2016
The catalyst for much of classical pragmatist political thought was the great waves of migration to the United States in the early twentieth century. José-Antonio Orosco examines the work of several pragmatist social thinkers, including John Dewey, W. E. B. Du Bois, Josiah Royce, and Jane Addams, regarding the challenges large-scale immigration brings to American democracy. Orosco argues that the ideas of the classical pragmatists can help us understand the ways in which immigrants might strengthen the cultural foundations of the United States in order to achieve a more deliberative and participatory democracy. Like earlier pragmatists, Orosco begins with a critique of the melting pot in favor of finding new ways to imagine the civic role of our immigrant population. He concludes that by applying the insights of American pragmatism, we can find guidance through controversial contemporary issues such as undocumented immigration, multicultural education, and racialized conceptions of citizenship.
The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Ethics
Allen Thompson and Stephen M. Gardiner
Oxford Handbooks, 2016
We live during a crucial period of human history on Earth. Anthropogenic environmental changes are occurring on global scales at unprecedented rates. Despite a long history of environmental intervention, never before has the collective impact of human behaviors threatened all of the major bio-systems on the planet. Decisions we make today will have significant consequences for the basic conditions of all life into the indefinite future. What should we do? How should we behave? In what ways ought we organize and respond? The future of the world as we know it depends on our actions today.
A cutting-edge introduction to environmental ethics in a time of dramatic global environmental change, this collection contains forty-five newly commissioned articles, with contributions from well-established experts and emerging voices in the field. Chapters are arranged in topical sections: social contexts (history, science, economics, law, and the Anthropocene), who or what is of value (humanity, conscious animals, living individuals, and wild nature), the nature of value (truth and goodness, practical reasons, hermeneutics, phenomenology, and aesthetics), how things ought to matter (consequences, duty and obligation, character traits, caring for others, and the sacred), essential concepts (responsibility, justice, gender, rights, ecological space, risk and precaution, citizenship, future generations, and sustainability), key issues (pollution, population, energy, food, water, mass extinction, technology, and ecosystem management), climate change (mitigation, adaptation, diplomacy, and geoengineering), and social change (conflict, pragmatism, sacrifice, and action). Each chapter explains the role played by central theories, ideas, issues, and concepts in contemporary environmental ethics, and their relevance for the challenges of the future.
The Eight Limbs of Yoga:
A Handbook for
Living Yoga Philosophy
North Point Press, 2015,
Many people think yoga simply means postures and breathing. Not true. The intention of this short guide is practical and straightforward: to say what yoga really is and to apply its principles to everyday life. It leads us through the eight-limbed system, a coherent framework that has been handed down and elaborated upon for thousands of years and consists of five "outer limbs," which pertain to our experience of the social world and the operation of our senses, and three "inner limbs," which focus on the mind.
Stuart Ray Sarbacker and Kevin Kimple present the eight-limbed system as something that can be turned to again and again to deepen and expand understanding and practice. As an introduction and overview to the essence of yoga, The Eight Limbs of Yoga is unparalleled for clarity, usefulness, and concision.
The Courtiers' Anatomists:
Animals and Humans
in Louis XIV's Paris
University of Chicago Press, 2015
The Courtiers' Anatomists is about dead bodies and live animals in Louis XIV's Paris--and the surprising links between them. Examining the practice of seventeenth-century anatomy, Anita Guerrini reveals how anatomy and natural history were connected through animal dissection and vivisection. Driven by an insatiable curiosity, Parisian scientists, with the support of the king, dissected hundreds of animals from the royal menageries and the streets of Paris. Guerrini is the first to tell the story of Joseph-Guichard Duverney, who performed violent, riot-inducing dissections of both animal and human bodies before the king at Versailles and in front of hundreds of spectators at the King's Garden in Paris. At the Paris Academy of Sciences, meanwhile, Claude Perrault, with the help of Duverney’s dissections, edited two folios in the 1670s filled with lavish illustrations by court artists of exotic royal animals.
Through the stories of Duverney and Perrault, as well as those of Marin Cureau de la Chambre, Jean Pecquet, and Louis Gayant, The Courtiers' Anatomists explores the relationships between empiricism and theory, human and animal, as well as the origins of the natural history museum and the relationship between science and other cultural activities, including art, music, and literature.
A Man for All Seasons:
and the Liberal Paradox
William G. Robbins
OSU Press, 2015
The life of prominent Oregon political leader Monroe Sweetland spans the spectrum of 20th-century America. Through seven decades, Sweetland experienced the economic collapse of the Great Depression, the unparalleled violence of a nation at war, the divisiveness of Cold War politics, and the cultural and political turmoil of the Vietnam War.
“As one who is deeply troubled by the state of American politics today, I believe it is essential that people be reminded of the great contributions made to our country by many men and women over the years, often without much fanfare or wide public notice. Certainly, at one time Monroe Sweetland was well-known and greatly admired in Oregon, but his influence and impact were truly national. He can and should be seen as a model public citizen for all generations, present and future.”
—Les Francis, political strategist and former deputy White House chief of staff
God and Nature in the
Thought of Margaret Cavendish
Edited by Brandie R. Siegfried, (BYU)
and Lisa T. Sarasohn, (OSU)
Ashgate Press, 2014
Only recently have scholars begun to note Margaret Cavendish’s references to 'God,' 'spirits,' and the 'rational soul,' and little has been published in this regard. This volume addresses that scarcity by taking up the theological threads woven into Cavendish’s ideas about nature, matter, magic, governance, and social relations, with special attention given to Cavendish’s literary and philosophical works.
Reflecting the lively state of Cavendish studies, God and Nature in the Thought of Margaret Cavendish allows for disagreements among the contributing authors, whose readings of Cavendish sometimes vary in significant ways; and it encourages further exploration of the theological elements evident in her literary and philosophical works.
The Emergence of Tropical
Medicine in France
Michael A. Osborne
University of Chicago Press, 2014
Recipient of the 2015 John Lyman Book Award (honorable mention) in the category of “Naval and Maritime Science and Technology” by the North American Society for Oceanic History
"An important contribution to our growing understanding of colonial and military medicine. The French story provides an illuminating contrast to its more familiar English counterpart. Osborne paints a finely wrought picture of a world of naval medicine and medical training heretofore obscured by our canonical focus on Parisian institutions, ideas, and practitioners; professionalization and bureaucracy can assume a variety of shapes, and Osborne’s study provides a fresh contribution to the history of the professions as well as to the circumstances and rationales of French colonial policy."
— Charles E. Rosenberg, Harvard University
Dr. Osborne was also
about this book by
New Books in Science,
Technology and Society.
Click here to listen to the interview.
The Life & Death of Gus Reed:
A Story of Race and Justice in Illinois During the Civil War and Reconstruction
Ohio University Press, 2014
Winner of a 2015 Certificate of Excellence
from the Illinois State Historical Society
“A major new interpretation of emancipation and Reconstruction. Bahde weaves together the details of an emblematic life into larger social, political, and legal themes. The result is an ambitious and novel design for a book on this period of history.”
—Daniel W. Hamilton, author of The Limits of Sovereignty: Property Confiscation in the Union and the Confederacy during the Civil War
Medicine and Religion:
A Historical Introduction
University Press, 2014
"An important book, for students of Christian theology who understand health and healing to be topics of theological interest, and for health care practitioners who seek a historical perspective on the development of the ethos of their vocation."
—Journal of Religion and Health
Violent Delights, Violent Ends:
Sex, Race, and Honor in Colonial Cartagena de Indias
Nicole von Germeten
University of New Mexico Press, 2013
"Strong images, beautiful writing, clear analysis. An excellent example of historical writing at its best."
-- Ricardo R Salazar
California and the Struggle
Over Unfree Labor, Emancipation, and Reconstruction
UNC Press, 2013
Winner of the 2014 David Montgomery Prize for the best book in Labor and Working-Class History, Organization of American Historians and the Labor and Working-Class History Association (LAWCHA)
"Smith combines lucid prose, meticulous research, and compelling argument to reveal how the labor of unfree Indians, Chinese, African Americans, and others built a California that has for too long hidden behind its free state myths, even as it shapes modern policies of race and immigration control."
--Louis S. Warren,
W. Turrentine Jackson Professor of Western U.S. History, University of California, Davis
Arming Mother Nature:
The Birth of Catastrophic Environmentalism
Jacob Darwin Hamblin
Oxford University Press, 2013
Winner of the 2014 Paul Birdsall Prize
"Well researched in U.S. and European archives, it finds the roots of modern apocalyptic environmentalism in the hair-raising deeds and often hare-brained schemes of an American scientific-military complex under pressure to find ways to prevail against the USSR."
Ava Helen Pauling
Partner, Activist, Visionary
OSU Press, 2013
"Carson has done the scholarly community a great service with this comprehensive and readable biography of a remarkable woman."
--Ed Battistella, Amazon.Com Review
Watch the video here to learn more!
The Oxford Encyclopedia of American
Military and Diplomatic History
Edited by Timothy Lynch, David Milne,
and Christopher McKnight Nichols
Oxford University Press, 2013.
“At a time of war, in which ongoing efforts to recalibrate American diplomacy are as imperative as they are perilous, this Oxford Encyclopedia is the first recourse for scholars wishing to deepen their understanding of the crucial features of the historical and contemporary foreign policy landscape and its perennially martial components.”
by John Buchanan, M.D.:
An 18th-century Medical
Diary and Manual
(The History of Medicine in Context)
Paul Kopperman (ed)
"Since his early publications, Kopperman’s research has demonstrated that mid-century British military medicine was organised and coherent, and that
care for even the lowest ranks involved more than mere bleeding or harsh purgatives."
-- Erica Charters,
Social History of Medicine,
Vol 26, No 3, August 2013
Watch the video
here to learn more!
Ethical Adaption to Climate Change:
Human Virtues of the Future
MIT Press, 2012
"...The insights of ecology and the demands of justice are bound together by the increasingly influential idea of virtue, and the grounding of all this in institutional redesign makes this one of the most original climate change books of recent times."
--Andrew Dobson, Professor of Politics, Keele University, UK
Allen was a special guest on Philosophy Talk discussing this book.
Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science
Mary Jo Nye
University of Chicago Press, 2011.
“This long-awaited volume is a masterpiece of historical research, cultural and political exposition, and analytical insight.”
Max Planck Institute for the
History of Science in Berlin
Promise and Peril: America at the
Dawn of a Global Age
Christopher McKnight Nichols,
Harvard University Press, 2011
"Nichols has accomplished a major feat, demonstrating that isolationism was a far richer and more complex intellectual tradition than its critics have ever imagined—one that still speaks to our own time...”
—Jackson Lears, The Nation
Ethical Action for a Planet in Peril
Kathleen Dean Moore,
Trinity University Press, 2011
A short documentary on the motivation and vision behind this book, including interviews with the editors and contributors can be seen here.
Hugo von Hofmannsthal and the Austrian Idea: Essays and Address, 1906-1929
(Translator and Editor)
Purdue University Press, 2011
"David S. Luft’s richly contextualized and evocative translations...offer a fresh resource to those outside the German language in the study of modernism and Luft’s choice of essays and addresses make this compendium a long overdue resource..."
-- Robert Dassanowsky,
University of Colorado
at Colorado Springs