Environmental anthropology, sustainable development, pollution, water resources, community participation, natural resources, fisheries management
China, United States
I am an environmental anthropologist whose research focuses on contemporary China. I am also increasingly getting involved in research projects here in Oregon and elsewhere in the United States. My work is guided by three central questions with both scholarly and practical significance:
- What role does culture play in shaping people’s interactions with the natural environment?
- How do individuals and communities balance the need for economic development with the imperative for environmental protection?
- How can anthropological theory and method be applied to help communities find sustainable solutions to the problems they face?
Many of my research projects have applied outcomes, and I am interested in working with community members to shape policies that promote both human welfare and environmental sustainability. I collaborate frequently with Chinese colleagues from Minzu University of China, Sichuan Nationalities Research Institute, Yunnan University, and Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences. Recently I have been working on several projects related to water resources and dam construction in China. One project called the Integrative Dam Assessment Model (IDAM) is a collaboration with several Oregon State University Colleagues and received financial support from the National Science Foundation. Another project involved interviews with policy makers and NGO staff members dealing with water management issues in China; this project was supported by a Fulbright Senior Research Scholar Fellowship. I am also collaborating with colleagues in Europe and China on a project entitled "Airborne: Pollution, Human Agency, and New Visions of Sustainability in Global China," hosted at the University of Oslo, Norway.
Prior to joining the Anthropology Department at OSU, I worked for two years as a research contractor at the Alaska Fisheries Science Center in Seattle, Washington, one of several major research facilities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). I worked in the Economics and Social Science Research Program, primarily on a project called "Fishing Communities of the North Pacific". My role in that project included researching how coastal Alaskan communities manage and use fishery resources, assessing the state of community viability by using social and economic indicators, and writing reports for intra-agency policymakers. As a result of this experience, I maintain a strong side interest in natural resource management and fisheries.
RECENT RESEARCH PROJECTS
Airborne: Pollution, Human Agency, and New Visions of Sustainability in Global China (In collaboration with the University of Oslo, Norway and Zhejiang University, China)
The Moral Economy of Water Resources in China
Growers’ Perspectives on Adopting New Technologies in the Ornamental and Fruit Tree Sector
Tribal-University Collaboration to Address Tribal Exposure to PAHs and Improve Community Health
Interdisciplinary Research and Methods for Assessing Dams as Agents of Change in China
Community Impacts of Wave Energy Development on the Oregon Coast
Modeling the Ecological, Economic and Social Effects of Dams in China
Improving Community Profiles for Fishing Communities in Oregon, USA
Field Research on Industrialization and Community Development in Sichuan and Yunnan, China
Research on Community Profiles for the North Pacific, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Economics and Social Science Research Program
WORKING WITH GRADUATE STUDENTS
I am always interested in working with graduate students whose research interests coincide with my own. I primarily advise students in the M.A. and Ph.D. programs in Applied Anthropology, but I also regularly work with students in other programs at OSU, including Environmental Sciences; Water Resources Policy and Management; Marine Resource Management; and Public Policy. Over the past few years, graduate students working with me have been involved in projects in the United States and China, and have received research funding from the following sources:
National Science Foundation, Human and Social Dynamics Program
National Science Foundation, Risk Management Sciences Program
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Oregon Sea Grant
Oregon Wave Energy Trust
Sasakawa Young Leaders Fellowship Fund (Oregon University System)
OSU Graduate School Internationalization Grant
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Intel Labs / Oregon Smart Labs
Internal Displacement Monitoring Center / Norwegian Refugee Council
Journal Articles and Book Chapters (Selected)
- 2017 Consulting Report: Walicki, Nadine, Michael J. Ioannides, and Bryan Tilt. “Dams and Internal Displacement: An Introduction.” Case Study Series on Dam Displacement. Internal Displacement Monitoring Center: Geneva, Switzerland.
- 2017 Consulting Report: Ioannides, Michael J. and Bryan Tilt. “China: Lessons Learned from the Manwan Dam.” Case Study Series on Dam Displacement. Internal Displacement Monitoring Center: Geneva, Switzerland.
- 2016 Tilt, Bryan. "Dams, Displacement, and the Moral Economy in Southwest China." In Carlos Rojas and Ralph Litzinger, eds. Ghost Protocol: Development and Displacement in Global China. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
- 2016 Tilt, Bryan and Drew Gerkey. “Dams and Population Displacement on China’s Upper Mekong River: Implications for Social Capital and Social-ecological Resilience.” Global Environmental Change 36: 153-162.
- 2015 Rodriguez-Nikl, Tonatiuh, Jason Kelley, Qing Xiao, Katherine Hammer, and Bryan Tilt. “Structural Engineers and Sustainability: An Opinion Survey.” Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice 141(1): 1-11.
- 2015 Ingman, Mark, Mary V. Santelmann, and Bryan Tilt. “Agricultural Water Conservation in China: Plastic Mulch and Traditional Irrigation.” Ecosystem Health and Sustainability. 1(4): 1-12.
- 2014 Conte, Thomas J. and Bryan Tilt. "The Effects of China’s Grassland Contract Policy on Pastoralists’ Attitudes towards Cooperation in an Inner Mongolian Banner." Human Ecology 42(6): 837-846.
- 2014 Caplan, Shannon, Bryan Tilt, Gwen Hoheisel, and Tara A. Baugher. "Specialty Crop Growers' Perspectives on Adopting New Technologies." HortTechnology 24(1): 81-87.
- 2013 Tilt, Bryan. "The Politics of Industrial Pollution in China." The Journal of Peasant Studies 40(6): 1147-1164.
- 2013 Tullos, Desiree D., Eric Foster-Moore, Darrin Magee, Bryan Tilt, Aaron T. Wolf, Edwin Schmitt, Francis Gassert, and Kelley Kipler. "Biophysical, Socioeconomic, and Geopolitical Vulnerabilities to Hydropower Development on the Nu River, China." Ecology and Society 18(3): 16.
- 2013 Tilt, Bryan and Edwin Schmitt. "The Integrative Dam Assessment Model: Reflections from an Anthropological Perspective." Practicing Anthropology 35(1): 4-7.
- 2013 Tilt, Bryan. "Industrial Pollution and Environmental Health in Rural China: Risk, Uncertainty and Individualization." The China Quarterly 214:283-301.
- 2013 Galipeau, Brendan A., Mark Ingman, and Bryan Tilt. "Dam-Induced Displacement and Agricultural Livelihoods in China's Mekong Basin." Human Ecology 41(3): 437-446.
- 2012 Tilt, Bryan. “Damming China’s Angry River: Vulnerability in a Culturally and Biologically Diverse Watershed.” In B.R. Johnston, L. Hiwasaki, I.J. Klaver, A. Ramos Castillo, and V. Strang, eds., Water, Cultural Diversity, and Global Environmental Change: Emerging Trends, Sustainable Futures? New York: UNESCO International Hydrological Program. Pp. 367-386.
- 2011 Tilt, Bryan. “Local Perceptions of ‘Quality of Life’ in Rural China: Implications for Anthropology and Participatory Development.” Journal of Anthropological Research67(1): 27-46. [pdf]
- 2011 Tilt, Bryan. “View from the 21st Century: Civil Society and Environment in China.” In Barbara Rose Johnston, ed., Life and Death Matters: Human Rights, Environment, and Social Justice. Second Edition. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press. Pp. 62-76.
- 2010 Tullos, Desiree, Philip H. Brown, Kelly Kibler, Darrin Magee, Bryan Tilt and Aaron T. Wolf. “Perspectives on the Salience and Magnitude of Dam Impacts for Hydro-development Scenarios in China.” Water Alternatives 3(2): 71-90. [pdf]
- 2010, Bryan and Qing Xiao. “Media Coverage of Environmental Pollution in the People’s Republic of China: Responsibility, Cover-up and State Control.” Media, Culture and Society. 32(2):225-245. [pdf]
- 2010, Tilt, Bryan. "Civil Society and the Environment in China." In Barbara Rose Johnston, ed., Life and Death Matters: Human Rights, Environment, and Social Justice. Second Edition. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.
- 2009 Tilt, Bryan, Yvonne A. Braun and Daming He. “Social Impact Assessment of Large Dams: A Comparison of International Case Studies and Implications for Best Practice.” Journal of Environmental Management 90(Supplement 3): S249-257. [pdf]
- 2009 Brown, Philip H., Darrin Magee, Bryan Tilt, Desiree Tullos and Aaron T. Wolf. “Modeling the Costs and Benefits of Dam Construction from a Multidisciplinary Perspective.” Journal of Environmental Management 90 (Supplement 3): S303-311.
- 2009 Tullos, Desiree, Bryan Tilt and Katherine Reidy-Lierman. “Introduction to the Special Issue: Understanding and Linking the Biophysical, Socioeconomic and Geopolitical Effects of Dams.” Journal of Environmental Management 90 (Supplement 3): S203-207. [pdf]
- 2009 Risien, Julie M. and Bryan Tilt. “A Comparative Study of Community-based Sea Turtle Management in Palau: Key Factors for Successful Implementation.”Conservation and Society 6(3): 225-237.
- 2008 Tilt, Bryan. "Smallholders and the ‘Household Responsibility system': Adapting to Institutional Change in Chinese Agriculture." Human Ecology 36(2): 189-199. [pdf]
- 2007 Tilt, Bryan. "The Political Ecology of Pollution Enforcement in China: A Case from Sichuan's Rural Industrial Sector" The China Quarterly 192: 915-932. [pdf]
- 2007 Tilt, Bryan and Pichu Xiao. "Industry, Pollution, and Environmental Enforcement in Rural China: Implications for Sustainable Development." Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development 36(1-2): 115-143. [pdf]
- 2007 Tilt, Bryan and John A. Young. "Introductory Essay: Development in Contemporary China." Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development 36(1-2): 1-8. [pdf]
- 2007 Li, Yongxiang and Bryan Tilt. "In Search of Solvency: Changing Agricultural Governance in an Ethnic Minority Autonomous Region of Southwest China."International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance, and Ecology 6(6):626-641.
- 2006 Tilt, Bryan. "Perceptions of Risk from Industrial Pollution in China: A Comparison of Occupational Groups." Human Organization 65(2):115-127. [pdf]
- 2006 Sepez, Jennifer, Karma Norman, Amanda Poole and Bryan Tilt. "Fish Scales: Scope, Scale, and Method in Social Science Research on North Pacific and West Coast Fishing Communities." Human Organization 65(3):283-296.
Recent Media Coverage of Dr. Bryan Tilt's Research
- “Details Emerge of China-Financed Dam Project in Pakistan.” New York Times, Sinosphere. April 27, 2015.
- Roundtable on China's Environmental Crisis, Voice of America, "China Focus" Program, July 25, 2014.
- "Hydropower as an Alternative Energy Source in China: Costs and Benefits." National Bureau of Asian Research. April 28, 2014.
- "As the Countryside Gets Polluted, Farmers Can Only Rely on Themselves [乡村被工业污染，农民只能‘靠自己’？]. China Youth Daily. November 6, 2013. [In Chinese].
- "An Evolutionary Step." International Water Power and Dam Construction. January 4, 2012.