Fall 2016 Tan Sack Lecture Series
Sept. 23 – Introduction
Sept. 30 - "OSU Anthropology Summer Field Reports" - Logan Adams, Marcelo Carocci-Ormsbee, Sydelle Harrison
Each summer OSU Anthropology students travel to interesting places and do amazing things. This presentation features short reports from the field, given by OSU graduate and undergraduate students. Each presenter will describe experiences studying abroad, completing an internship, or attending a field school. Presenters will also reflect on what they learned, challenges they faced, and successes they achieved. Audience members will have the chance to learn more about how to pursue similar opportunities and ask questions of the presenters. If you are considering attending a field school or studying abroad, this is a great way to learn more about the possibilities and prepare yourself for new adventures.
Oct. 7 - NO CLASS
Oct. 14 - "Local Perspectives on the Recent Residential Boom in Bocas del Toro, Panama, and its Associated Social and Environmental Changes " - Dr. Ana Spalding, Assistant Professor of Marine and Coastal Policy, Oregon State University
International flows of people from developed to developing countries represent a relatively new form of international migration. These counter-movements are usually characterized by a search for destinations with warm climates, cheaper costs of living, environmental benefits, and a perceived easy lifestyle. In part, international migration to Panama is the result of government-led economic development policies aimed at increasing sources of foreign investment, which have facilitated the promotion of the country for real estate and tourism investment, retirement, and leisure lifestyles. As an economic development strategy, these policies proved to be successful in that Panama is currently considered a top retirement and second home destination, and has exhibited one of the highest and most resilient economic growth rates in Latin America since 2007. However, the socio-environmental implications of such policies are rarely considered; social and economic problems, as well as environmental and land use change, continue to threaten the Bocas del Toro archipelago. I will present the different ways in which local social and natural landscapes have responded to these changes through the creation of demand for new services, the transformation of traditional economic activities, presence of people with different value systems, and shifts in patterns of land use.
Oct. 21 - "Migration and Local Cultural Change at Aztec Calixtlahuaca" - Dr. Angela Huster, Visiting Instructor of Archaeology, Oregon State University
The Aztec Empire was generally a hands-off state, which didn't interfere too much in provincial affairs. However, one strategy the empire did use to control unruly areas was to found colonies. As a result, provincial cultural changes toward practices characteristic of the imperial heartland might be due to state imposition, voluntary local adoption, or immigration. I look at domestic ritual and foodways from six households at the provincial city of Calixtlahuaca to determine which explanation best explains the observed cultural changes.
Oct. 28 - "Surviving the Unexpected in Anthropological Fieldwork: Community Forestry Research in West Africa" Dr. Susan Charnley, Research Social Scientist, US Forest Service
Dr. Charnley is an environmental anthropologist working for the US Forest Service. Her research aims to improve understanding of how to integrate community well-being and development with ecosystem health and the sustainable management of natural resources, with a goal of informing policy and advancing theory. Between 2012 and 2015, she conducted research on community forestry in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte d'Ivoire as part of a US Agency for International Development funded biodiversity conservation and sustainable livelihoods project. This talk presents the results of the research, but emphasizes the research process particularly, how things seldom go as planned when doing anthropological research, and what to do when they don't.
Nov. 4 - " Sustainable Conservation of Mountain Gorillas in Rwanda: Improving the livelihoods of illegal hunters through Ecotourism " - Dr. Ian Munanura, Assistant Professor of Forest Ecosystems & Society, Oregon State University
Mountain Gorillas are listed as Critically Endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Their natural habitat worldwide is restricted to a small region of the Afromontane forests region, shared by, Rwanda, Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo, in East Africa. This region has been affected by armed conflicts and human livelihoods activities such as, illegal hunting for bushmeat and harvest of forest resources. Most recently, ecotourism has been promoted to provide alternative livelihoods, and incentives for local conservation support. In Rwanda, a community-based social enterprise “Iby’Iwacu Cultural Village” has used ecotourism to provide socio-economic benefits to former illegal hunters, thereby indirectly creating a durable solution to human livelihoods threatening the Mountain Gorillas.
Nov. 11 - NO CLASS – Veterans Day
Nov. 18 - NO CLASS – AAA Conference
Nov. 25 - NO CLASS – Thanksgiving
Dec. 2 - "Health and aging among older adults in middle income countries: The WHO’s study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)" - Dr. Josh Snodgrass, Professor of Anthropology & Director of Center for Global Health, University of Oregon
Epidemiological changes and demographic trends over the past few decades, driven by shifts in lifestyles and urbanization, have highlighted the prominence of chronic conditions at older ages. While population aging has gained broad popular attention as a global issue, the vast majority of data collection continues to be focused on wealthy nations. Yet low- and middle-income countries have large and growing populations of older adults and need evidence to target health care resources and inform public health interventions. The World Health Organization (WHO)’s Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) is a data collection platform generating cross-nationally comparable health data in six countries (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, South Africa; n=>42,000). SAGE is the first longitudinal study to examine patterns and determinants of aging across a broad array of countries, allowing researchers to test assumptions and hypotheses about aging based almost exclusively on Western data. This talk will describe key results from SAGE that illustrate context and quality of life in middle income countries, focusing attention on chronic physical and mental health conditions. These results illustrate how political economy impacts health and aging in both richer and poorer countries, and emphasizes the need for increased attention to how a policy environment that stresses political, societal, and infrastructure perspectives can pay dividends in terms of reduced poor health and delayed aging.
Finals Week - NO CLASS