The short answer to this question is: some, but not too much. The long answer is more telling, however. Although everyone mainly associates archaeology with the discovery of amazing artifacts, a successful field expedition is built on the establishment and maintenance of many logistical aspects that must be in place before anything else can happen. As far as physical labor goes about 90% of our effort will be expended during the first and last weeks. Once we arrive at our field location, everyone will work to set up their own tent and we’ll all pitch in to build our kitchen facility. These first aspects will take a day or more and will require the coordinated effort of all members of the field crew. Once we get our field camp set up, we’ll work to build a fence at the site. At camp and at the site we’ll get to work learning about our field procedures in preparation for excavation. During the excavation, our physical labor demands are modest and are primarily limited to loading and unloading gear each morning and afternoon, carrying buckets of sediment to the screens, and screening excavated sediments. In the last week of the field school, we’ll put special plastic crates into the excavation block, bury them, lay new sod, and break down our fencing. Finally, we’ll work throughout the last days to disassemble our field camp in an orderly manner; load things back onto trucks and trailers, and head home. Students generally have no problem with the labor required in the field. While some people are more physically capable than others, all we expect is that you work to the best of your abilities. Maintaining a safe and happy workplace is our main goal. Nearly everyone finds archaeology’s combination of physical and mental effort to be highly rewarding.